i dont get this part in Hybridisation "Involves mixing of onesorbital and twoporbitals to give threesp2orbitals"..Also please explain the hybridisation in BCL3
Hybridization is mixing of atomic orbitals of nearly same energy to give the newer ones(hybrid orbitals) with same energy and shape. Number of orbitals formed after hybridization is same as number of orbitals participate in hybridization. The hybrid orbitals have same energy and shape. Because of this extent of overlap is better in case of hybrid orbitals to form a covalent bond.Take an example of sp2 hybridization in BCl3.
sp2 Hybridization (3 hybrid orbitals) :The s orbital is spherical in shape while p is dump bell . when they get mix to give the hybrid orbitals the resultant orbital have same shape and equivalent energy as represent by this diagram.
Looking at the orbital diagram (g.s) for Boron in BCl3 we see three valence electrons.two in the 2s subshell and one in the 2p subshell.In order for Boron to form three covalent bonds it needs 3 unpaired electrons in three separate orbitals. So one of the 2s electron get excited to 2p orbital, 2s and 2p orbital of boron get hybridised to form 3 sp2 orbitals with one unpaird electron in each sp2 hybrid orbital.The diagram below is showing the formation of 3 sp2 hybrid orbitals in case of boron.