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Causes of alcohol/ Drug Abuse
Alcohol / drug abuse normally starts in adolescence (period between 12-18 yrs − transition phase between childhood and adulthood).
Many adolescents are motivated towards drugs/ alcohol due to curiosity and experimentation.
Peer pressure, academic stress, unstable family structure further incline youth towards alcohol/ drug abuse.
Perception of consuming alcohol / drug being cool and progressive and use of alcohol/drug in television, movies, etc. further promote this habit.
Alcohol/ Drug Addiction
When a person uses alcohol/ drug repeatedly, he becomes addicted.
Addiction refers to psychological attachment to certain effects such as euphoria and temporary feeling of well-being associated with use of alcohol or drugs.
In addiction, tolerance level of receptors present in our body increases towards the drug.
This drives the person to use them even when they are not required or when they tend to harm his health / family life.
Subsequently, the user runs into a vicious circle of addiction and subsequent dependence.
Dependence leads to manifestation of withdrawal syndrome on discontinuation of use.
Withdrawal syndrome − Anxiety, nausea, sweating, shakiness, and sometimes may be lethal.