I want easay on Lal Bahadur Shashtri
Lal Bahadur Shastri, 2 October 1904 11 January 1966) was thesecondPrime Ministerof theRepublic of Indiaand a leader of theIndian National Congressparty.
Shastri joined theIndian independence movementin the 1920s. Deeply impressed and influenced byMahatma Gandhi, he became a loyal follower, first of Gandhi, and then ofJawaharlal Nehru. Following independence in 1947, he joined the latter's government and became one of Prime Minister Nehru's principal lieutenants, first asRailways Minister(195156), and then in a variety of other functions, includingHome Minister. Shastri was chosen as Nehru's successor owing to his adherence toNehruvian socialismafter Nehru's daughterIndira Gandhiturned downCongress PresidentK. Kamaraj's offer of premiership.
Shastri as Prime Minister continued Nehru's policies of non-alignment and socialism. He became a national hero following the victory in theIndo-Pakistan War of 1965. His slogan of "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer") became very popular during the war and is remembered even today.The war was formally ended in theTashkent Agreementof 10 January 1966; he died the following day, still inTashkent, of a heart attack. Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was one of those great Indians who has left an indelible impression on our collective life. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri's contribution to our public life were unique in that they were made in the closest proximity to the life of the common man in India. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was looked upon by Indians as one of their own, one who shared their ideals, hopes and aspirations. His achievements were looked upon not as the isolated achievements of an individual but of our society collectively. Under his leadership India faced and repulsed the Pakistani invasion of 1965. It is not only a matter of pride for the Indian Army but also for every citizen of the country. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri's sloganJai Jawan Jai Kisanreverberates even today through the length and breadth of the country. Underlying this is the inner-most sentiments 'Jai Hindustan'. The war of 1965 was fought and won for our self-respect and our national prestige. For using our Defence Forces with such admirable skill, the nation remains beholden to Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri. He will be remembered for all times to come for his large heartedness and public service.
Shri Lai Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India. He was a great patriot. He was born in 1904 on 2nd October in Mughal Sarai He belonged to a Kayasth family.His father was a teacher.He died when Shastriji was only one and a half year old. He was brought up and educated by his maternal grandfather.When he was a boy he joined the Congress. He was a born patriot. He took active part in the first Non-cooperation Movement. He left his studies and went to jail in 1920. He did great work for the freedom of India.He was married in 1927. He became life-member of the Servants of People Society. He did a lot of work for the city congress.He was elected the General Secretary of the U.P. Provincial Committee in 1935. In 1937 he fought the election for the U.P. AssemblyHe worked as Home Minister of U.P. from 1946 to 1951. His selflessness for duty and his enthusiasm and fearlessness impressed national leaders.In 1951 he was elected the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. He was elected to Rajya Sabha in 1952.He was the Union Minister for Transport and Railways. He became the Home Minister in 1961. He gave up his office in 1962 taking moral responsibility of a train accident. He never used politics for the upliftment of his family.After the death of Shri Nehru, Shastriji became the Prime Minister of India. He remained Prime Minister for about 18 months.He began his career under serious disadvantages. During this short period he showed that he possessed wonderful power to face every problem bravely.He put down all the bad elements with a strong hand. He proved himself man of iron will. The country was suffering from corruption, nepotism, but Shastriji gave us a cleaner and healthier administration.In September, 1965 he faced undeclared war with Pakistan. He faced the enemy with iron determination.Army was given a free hand. It crossed international boundary. The enemy was given a bad defeat. The Tashkant Pact is his great achievement.Shastriji died at Tashkant in the night soon after signing the historic pact. The nation mourned his death. May his soul rest in peace in heaven! India will never forget him for his selfless service.
Sri lal Bhadu shastrywas the great leader of our country.he was honest and hard congress worker.lal bhadur shastri belonged to middle class family.he rosed to the hiest position by his hard work , sincerity and sheer merit. he was soft and polite in talk but strict and strong administrator. lol bhadur was born on october 2nd 1904 at mogul sarai in varanasi. his father was shardha prasad shrivastava ans smt. ramudulari devi was his mother . his father was an odinary teacher and died when he was below two years age. lal bahadur and hi mother lived with their matrnal grand parents . he went to primary school in varanasi while he was there in the village by crossing the river ganges. he was so poor , sometimes he did notposses money to pay the boatman to cross the river. his devotion and desire fo studies was too much. he left his grand parents and joined maternals aunt's house at varanasi to prosecte his high school studies at harish chandra school. he joined non co-petion movement and gave up his studies for the sake of country's freedom . he was jailed two and half years . after coming from jail he joined kashi vidhya peeth and took the "shastri" degree . from then on he called by people as lal bhadur shastri. lal bhadur shasti joiend satyagrah in 11932 and 1933 . he was jailed for one year each time . he read extensively while in jail about the worlds reknown philosopher and their philosophy . his worth was recognised by G.B pant and designated his as genaral secretary of UP congress from 1935 to 1938 . n the year 1939 he was elected to UP legislative assembly.Lal bhadur shastri became prime minister after the sad demise of Pt. nehru . he was the most popular Prime of our country . He worked as prime mister of our countryabout one and half years only, he solved many problems of our country . On 18th august 1965 , pakistan attaked india. India got victory , His slogan was "JAY HAWAN JAI KISAN" He signed on the peace pact and returned the land won by india.It was signed on 19th january . 1966 and shastri died after nine hours in taskent . People of india grieved very much for the sad demise of their beloved leader and mourned deeply. Shastri was a nam of high morals, and sacrifised his own life for the nation . he worked for their uplift . He identified himself with indian masses and stood as their benefactor.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born at Moghul Sarai in Uttrar Pradesh on 2ndof October, 1904. It is a coincidence that 2ndof October also happens to be the date of birth of Mahatma Gandhi. Both have become world renowned leaders. Shastris father was a teacher. Shastri spent his childhood in poverty and penury. He was a Kayasta by birth and Shastri is the degree he got after studying at Kashi Vidyapeeth.
After completing his education, Shastri became a full-time member of the Servants of Peoples Society founded by Lala Lajpat Rai and started doing social service. He was attracted towards the freedom movement when he was still a student. He took active part in the Non-cooperation Movement and was jailed in 1920. He had to leave his studies and go to jail.
He returned from jail and married in 1927 at the age of 23. He actively associated himself with the Congress movement and was elected as General Secretary of Uttar Pradesh Assembly in 1937 and again in 1946. He became the Home Minister of Uttar Pradesh and served there till 1951. He attracted the attention of Jawaharlal Nehru by his sincerity, integrity and hard work and was drafted as General Secretary of All India Congress Committee, in 1951.
He shifted his venue of work to New Delhi. He became a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1952 and became Minister for Railways. He resigned that post on account of Railway accident, accepting moral responsibility. Thus he set a good percent for others to follow. In 1958 he took over as Minister for Commerce and Industry. Later he was shifted to Home Ministry in 1961. He gave up this office under Kamaraj Plan.
After the demise of Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister of India in 1964. He served as Prime Minister for a short period of 18 months. During that short period, he had to lead the country in and undeclared war with Pakistan. His leadership was so dynamic that Indian forces crossed the international border and made Pakistan accept peace. It was during this period he gave the slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.
The peace treaty with Pakistan was signed at Tashkent (USSR) on January 11, 1966. Sri Shastri breathed his last at Tashkent itself a few hours after the India-Pakistan agreement was signed. His remains lay buried at Vijaya Ghat, New Delhi.
Lal Bhadur Shastri was a simple man all through his life. His integrity and sincerity are unquestionable. He gave a clean administration, shedding aside corruption and nepotism. Thotgh his period as Prime Minister was short, it was a golden period in Indian history. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award posthumously.