Is this in our portions??
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Is this in our portions?? ​​  ​​​ grow water-intensive crops in lowrainfall areas (rice in Punjab. sugarcane in Maharashtra). This unsustainable pumping has reduced water storage in aquifers. Consequently many wells and tubewells have run dry. This has pushed the marginal and small farmers out of cultivation. The big farmers with deeper tube•vells still have water. but many others face a water crisis. Inadequate storage and marketing facilitiE•s also act as a disincentive to the farmer. Thus. the farmers are badly affected by the uncertainties of production and market. mey suffer from a double disadvantage as they pay high prices for inputs such as HW seeds. fertilisers etc. but lack the bargaining power to fix prices in their favour. All the production reaches the market simultaneously. The higher the supply the lower is the demand. This causes distress sale also. Therefore. there can be no food security without the security of the small farmers _ Impact of Globalisation on Agriculture Globalisation is not a new phenomenon. It was there at the time of colonisation. In the nineteenth century when European traders came to India. at that time too. Indian spices were exported to different countries of the world and farmers of south India were encouraged to grow these crops. Till today it is one of the important items of export from India. During the British period cotton belts or India attracted the British and ultimately cotton was exported to Britain as a raw material for their textile industries. Cotton textile industry in Manchester and Liverpool nourished due to the availability of good quality cotton from India. You have read about the Champaran movement which started in 1917 in Bihar. This was started because farmers of that region were forced to grow indigo on their land because it was necessary for the textile industries which were located in Britain. They va:re unable to grow foodgrains to sustain their families. Under globalisation. particularly after 1990. the farmers in India have been exposed to new challenges. Despite being an important producer of rice. cotton. rubber, tea. coffee. jute and spices our agricultural products are not able to compete with the developed countries because of the highly subsidised agriculture in those countries. Fig. 4.17: of teak Today. Indian agriculture finds itself a t the crossroads. To make agriculture successful and profitable. proper thrust should be given to the improvement of the condition of marginal and small farmers. The green revolution promised much. But today it's under controversies. It is being alleged that it has caused land degradation due to overuse of chemicals. drying aquifers and vanishing biodiversity. The keyword today is -gene re•.'olution". Which includes genetic engineering Genetic engineering is as a Supplemenf in inventing hybrid varieties Of Can Fig. 4.18, modified seed in India ? Pmblem_s Infact organic farming is much in vogue today because it is practised without factory made chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides. Hence. it not affect environment in a negative manner. A few economists think that Indian farmers have a bleak future if they continue growing foodgrains on the holdings that grow smaller and smaller as the population rises. India's rural population is about 600 million which depends upon 250 million (approximate) hectares of agricultural land. an average than half a hectare per person _ Indian farmers should diversify their cropping pattern from cereals to high• value crops. This will increase incomes and reduce environmental degradation simultaneously. Because fruits. medicinal herbs, flowers. vegetables. bio-diesel crops like jatropha and jojoba need much less irrigation than rice or sugarcane. India's diverse climate can be harnessed to grow a wide range of high-value crops. Change in cropping for from cereals 'o high-value crops mean that India will hove to import food. During 1960 's this would been Soon as a disaster. But if India imports exporting high-value commodities, it will successful like Italy, These countries orports farm products (fruits. Olives, Speciality seeds and Wine) and import cereals. Are We ready fo take this risk? Debate tho vSSue_

Dear student,

Impact of globalisation on agriculture,contribution of agriculture to the national economy,employment,output is there in syllabus only food security topic is omitted from this chapter Agriculture.


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Of course. It is one of the important topics.
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These pages r not there for us I am sure about it. U Don't have to study these
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No it is not in our topic
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From food security its omitted!!
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No ,It is not in our course.
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No it has been cut from our cours
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Its omitted
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  • 2
From food security onwards is ommitted.
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nope !
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What are you looking for?