# Let the vertex B of triangle[ABC] be located outside a circle & the other two vertices lie on the circumfrence. if the sides AB & BC intersects the circle at points D & E such that AD = EC, then prove that angleABC is equal to half the differences of the angles subtended by the chords AC & DE at the centre. In ΔAOD and ΔCOE,

OA = OC (Radii of the same circle)

OD = OE (Radii of the same circle)

∴ ΔAOD ≅ ΔCOE (By SSS congruence- criterion)

∠OAD = ∠OCE (By Cpct) ... (i)

∠ODA = ∠OEC (By Cpct) ... (ii)

Also,

∠OAD = ∠ODA (As OA = OD) ... (iii)

From (i), (ii), and (iii), we get,

∠OAD = ∠OCE = ∠ODA = ∠OEC

Let ∠OAD = ∠OCE = ∠ODA = ∠OEC = x

In Δ OAC,

OA = OC

∴ ∠OCA = ∠OAC (Let a)

In Δ ODE,

OD = OE

∠OED = ∠ODE (Let y)

∴ ∠CAD + ∠DEC = 180° (Opposite angles are supplementary)

x + a + x + y = 180°

2x + a + y = 180°

y = 180º − 2x  a ... (iv)

Also,

∠DOE = 180º − 2y

and

∠AOC = 180º − 2a

∠DOE − ∠AOC = 2a − 2y = 2a − 2 (180º − 2x  a)

= 4a + 4x − 360° ... (v)

∠BAC + ∠CAD = 180º (Linear pair)

⇒ ∠BAC = 180º − ∠CAD = 180º − (a + x)

Similarly, ∠ACB = 180º − (a + x)

In ΔABC,

∠ABC + ∠BAC + ∠ACB = 180º (Angle sum property of a triangle)

∠ABC = 180º − ∠BAC − ∠ACB

= 180º − (180º − a  x) − (180º − a x)

= 2a + 2x − 180º  • 14
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