Ansh Deo Singh , asked a question
Subject: Biology , asked on 16/9/12

list of Biosphere reserves of India


Mushtaq , Meritnation Expert added an answer, on 4/1/13

Biosphere Reserves are large areas for conservation of biodiversity, which include both wildlife and plants.The main biosphere reserves of India are:

(i) Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

(ii) Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve

(iii) Sundarbans national park

(iv) Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

(v) Nokrek Biosphere Reserve

(vi) Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve

(vii) Simlipal Biosphere Reserve

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Cheetal Cheetal , added an answer, on 9/6/11
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Biosphere reserves of India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
MAB Biosphere Reserves in India [1]

The Indian government has established 17 Biosphere Reserves of India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

Seven of the sixteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list [2] .

  1. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, 2000
  2. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, 2001
  3. Sundarbans national park, 2001
  4. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, 2004
  5. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, 2009
  6. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, 2009
  7. Simlipal Biosphere Reserve, 2009

The above two along with Manas Biosphere Reserve are among the 22 new sites recently added by UNESCO to its World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Their inclusion raises the number of Indian sites on the World list to seven, from a total of 15 Biosphere Reserves across the subcontinent. In 2009, India designated Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh as a Biosphere Reserve. And on September 20th, 2010, Ministry of Environment and Forests designated Seshachalam Hills as another Biosphere Reserve taking the count to number of such designated areas to 17. Now, India has 17 Biosphere reserves. [3]



[edit] List of Biosphere Reserves

Biosphere reserves of India (area wise)

Year Name Location State Type Area (km²)
1 2008 Great Rann of Kutch Part of Kuchh, Rajkot and Surendranagar District Gujarat Desert 12454
2 1989 Gulf of Mannar Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka Tamil Nadu Coasts 10500
3 1989 Sunderbans Part of delta of Ganges and Barahamaputra river system West Bengal Gangetic Delta 9630
4 1988 Nanda Devi Parts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Bageshwar District Uttarakhand West Himalayas 5860
5 1986 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani Hills Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka Western Ghats 5520
6 1998 Dehong Deband Part of Siang and Debang valley Arunachal Pradesh East Himalayas 5112
7 1999 Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Parts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara District Madhya Pradesh Semi-Arid 4926
8 2009 Simlipal Part of Mayurbhanj district Orissa Deccan Peninsula 4374
9 2005 Achanakamar - Amarkantak Part of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districts Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh Maikala Range 3835
10 1989 Manas Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang District Assam East Himalayas 2837
11 2000 Kanchanjunga Parts of Kanchanjunga Hills Sikkim East Himalayas 2620
12 2001 Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas Kerala Western ghats 1828
13 1989 Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman and Nicobar Islands Islands 885
14 1988 Nokrek Part of Garo Hills Meghalaya East Himalayas 820
15 1997 Dibru-Saikhowa Part of Dibrugargh and Tinsukia district Assam East Himalayas 765


16 2009 Cold Desert Pin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sancturary Himachal Pradesh Western Himalayas 7770


17 2010 Seshachalam Hills Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts Andhra Pradesh Eastern Ghats 4755.997

[edit] Potential Sites for Biosphere Reserves

Following is the list of potential sites for Biosphere Reserves as selected by Ministry of Forests and Environment:-

  1. Namdapha, Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Thar desert, Rajasthan
  3. Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
  4. Kaziranga, Assam
  5. Kanha, Madhya Pradesh
  6. North Islands of Andaman Andaman & Nicobar
  7. Abujmarh, Madhya Pradesh
  8. Chintapalli, Andhra Pradesh
  9. Lakshadweep Islands, Lakshadweep
  10. Singbhum, Jharkhand

Source: Wikipedia

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