List three differences between gerunds and participles

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Here is the answer to your question :

1. A gerund acts as a noun. A participle acts as a verb or adjective.
Eg : 1. Hunting is a hobby. Hunting is the subject of the sentence. It acts as a noun. So, 'hunting' is a gerund here.
       2. Hunting lions are dangerous. Here, 'hunting' acts as an adjective. So, it is a participle here.

2. Participles have a progressive and perfect form. Gerunds have only a -ing form.

3. A gerund can act as a subject of the sentence. A participle cannot act as the subject of a sentence.


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