Mention any three powers and functions of the election commission of india

Election Commission is a constitutional body of the government of India.

The functions of Election Commission of India are as follows:

1. Demarcation of Constituencies.

2. Preparation of Electoral Rolls.

3. Recognition of Political parties and allotment of symbols.

4. Scrutiny of nomination papers.

5. Conduct of polls.

6. Scrutiny of election expense of candidates

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The Chief Election Commissioner heads the Election Commission of India, a body constitutionally empowered to conduct free and fair elections to the national and state legislatures. Chief Election Commissioner of India is usually a member of the Indian Civil Service and mostly from the Indian Administrative Service. It is very difficult to remove the authority of the Chief Election Commissioner once elected by the President, as two-thirds of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha need to vote against him for disorderly conduct or improper actions.

Despite the recent changes in the hierarchy, the system always had powers to impose unambiguous rules and guidelines that applied across the entire nation e.g. as to how the ballots will be cast and counted, what will be regarded as 'unqualified' vote (something whose importance became very evident during US presidential election in 2000). India was probably one of the first countries in the World to go for a completely electronic ballot in the last elections. What made this remarkable was the fact that the Office of the Chief Election Commissioner had successfully implemented this across the entire diverse Indian population that also consisted of the rural illiterate people.

While the office has always been an important one in the machinery of the Indian political process, it gained significant public attention during the tenure of T.N. Seshan, from 1990-1996. Mr. Seshan is widely credited with undertaking a zealous effort to end corruption and manipulation in Indian elections. Though he made significant progress, several politicians attempted to derail these efforts. In particular, the expansion of the Election Commission to include the two Election Commissioners (in addition to the Chief Commissioner) was seen as a move to curtail the commission's ability to act aggressively.

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The Election Commission of India is powerful enough to conduct free and fair elections.  

It implements the code of conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it. 

 While on election duty, government officials work under the EC and not the government.


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  • EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of the elections to the declaration of results.
  • It impliments the code of conduct and punishes any candidate or party who violates it.
  • During election period,the EC can order the government to follow some gudlines,to prevent the use or misuse of the goverment power to enhance its  chances of winning or to transfer some government officials
  • When on election durty the government officials work under the EC and not the government .
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