Mention some important features of the Brahmaputra river system .

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  • The Brahmaputra River System

  • The Brahmaputra rises in Tibet east of Mansarowar lake very close to the sources of the Indus and the Satluj. It is slightly longer than the Indus, and most of its course lies outside India. It flows eastwards parallel to the Himalayas. On reaching the Namcha Barwa (7757 m), it takes a U turn and enters India in Arunachal Pradesh through a gorge. Here, it is called the Dihang and it is joined by the Dibang, the Lohit, the Kenula and many other tributaries to form the Brahmaputra in Assam. In Tibet the river carries a smaller volume of water and less silt as it is a cold and a dry area. In India it passes through a region of high rainfall. Here the river carries a large volume of water and considerable amount of silt. The Brahmaputra has a braided channel in its entire length in Assam and forms many riverine islands. Every year during the rainy season, the river overflows its banks, causing widespread devastation due to floods in Assam and Bangladesh. Unlike other north Indian rivers the Brahmaputra is marked by huge deposits of silt on its bed causing the river bed to rise. The river also shifts its channel frequently.
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ï‚ The Brahmaputra River System

 The Brahmaputra originates in Tibet, very close to the origins of the Indus and

the Satluj.

 It flows from West to East parallel to the Himalayas and enters India through

Arunachal Pradesh after taking a U-turn at Namcha Barwa.

 It is called Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh and is joined by tributaries such as the

Lohit and the Dibang.These together form the Brahmaputra in Assam.

 Brahmaputra creates many riverine islands, the largest in the world being Majuli

(in Assam).

 The Brahmaputra is a flood prone river owing to huge deposits of silt on its bed

that cause the overflowing of the river during monsoons.

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