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Dear Student,

Nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. The main functions include to regulate water and soluble substances by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine.

The process of filtering of blood is given below of the nephron: 

In a nephron, the blood flows through the glomerulus under great pressure. The reason for this great pressure is that the efferent arteriole (outgoing) is narrower than the afferent arteriole incoming. This high pressure causes the liquid part of the blood to filter out from the glomerulus into the renal capsule.


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