Please answer this and tell me how do we know which column represents chromosme and which represents gene?

A represents Gene and B represents Chromosomes.
Genes are at different positions on the chromosome. The position of a gene is called the gene's locus.
Mendel’s conclusion of the Dihybrid Crosses and the Principle of independent assortment is that “Alleles of each gene pair segregate independently of each other when gametes are formed”.
According to chromosomal theory of inheritance, ‘each chromosome pair segregates independently’

  • 46
b:gene based on pt.3
  • 3
and b:chromosome
  • 2
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