please give all the figures of speech and explain them with examples
Irony is a figure of speech in which the real meaning is exactly opposite to what is being said. For example:
These sweet little mountains fascinate me.
The doctor needs a medical advice.
The teacher needs to be taught.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that considers two things to be one. Unlike simile, it does not express that two things are alike. A metaphor is also known as implied simile. For example:
The camel is the ship of the desert
He was a lion in the battlefield
She was a nightingale in the concert.
Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sound.
For example, 'I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance'.
Euphemism: It is a mild or indirect word or expression for one too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
Personification is a literary device that assigns human qualities to inanimate and abstract things.
For example, "I make the netted sunbeam dance".
Refrain is the repetition of a word or a phrase.
For example, 'For men may come and men may go'.
Apostrophe is a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or nonhuman is addressed.
Pun: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Onomatopoeia is a figure of speech that represents the sound associated with an object. For example, 'babble'.
Few more instances are:
- Ding dong! the bells are gonna chime.
- Crash! went the window
- Splash of water, etc.
Repetition means the repetition of a word, a phrase or a clause to emphasise on a point.
For example, 'chatter,chatter'.
Imagery is a description which evokes readers senses of sight, smell, hearing, touch and taste. Metaphors and similes are also considered as imagery.
For example, "I babble on the pebbles".