please give all the figures of speech and explain them with examples

Irony is a figure of speech in which the real meaning is exactly opposite to what is being said. For example:

These sweet little mountains fascinate me.

The doctor needs a medical advice.

The teacher needs to be taught.



A metaphor is a figure of speech that considers two things to be one. Unlike simile, it does not express that two things are alike. A metaphor is also known as implied simile. For example:

The camel is the ship of the desert

He was a lion in the battlefield

She was a nightingale in the concert.



Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sound. 

For example, 'I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance'.
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Euphemism: It is a mild or indirect word or expression for one too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.



Personification is a literary device that assigns human qualities to inanimate and abstract things. 

For example, "I make the netted sunbeam dance".



Refrain is the repetition of a word or a phrase. 

For example, 'For men may come and men may go'.



Apostrophe is a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or nonhuman is addressed.



Pun: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.



Onomatopoeia is a figure of speech that represents the sound associated with an object. For example, 'babble'.

Few more instances are:

  • Ding dong! the bells are gonna chime.
  • Crash! went the window
  • Splash of water, etc.



Repetition means the repetition of a word, a phrase or a clause to emphasise on a point. 

For example, 'chatter,chatter'.



Imagery is a description which evokes readers senses of sight, smell, hearing, touch and taste. Metaphors and similes are also considered as imagery. 

For example, "I babble on the pebbles".



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