Please give all the important name reactions of CBSE 12th class syllabus.

All the important name reactions are as follows:

1. Rosenmund Reaction: This reaction involves the reduction of acid halide to an aldehyde using hydrogen gas over palladium-on-carbon poisoned with barium sulphate.

2. Cannizzaro Reaction: It involves the base induces disproportionation of an aldehyde.

3. Hofmann bromamide Reaction: The reaction of primary amide to primary amine with one less carbon atom.

4. Wolf kishner Reaction: Reduction of ketone or aldehyde to an alkane in presence of hydrazine.

5. Kolbe Schmitt Reaction: The chemical reaction of sodium salt of phenol with carbon dioxide under pressure (100 atm), then heating the product with sulfuric acid gives salicylic acid as final product.

6. Reimer-Tiemann Reaction: This reaction is the ortho formylation of phenols in presence of base and chloroform.

7. Tollens reagent test: It is termed as silver mirror test. Tollens reagent is . Tollen reagent are used to oxidise the aldehydes only not for ketones.

these Ag molecules give silver mirror at the bottom of test tube.

8. Aldol condensation: In this reaction enol or enolate ions react with carbonyl compounds to form -hydroxyaldehyde or -hydroxyketone followed by enone compound.

9. Trans esterification: It is the process of exchanging of the organic group R of an ester with the organic group R' of an alcohol catalysed by an acid or a base.

10. Sandmeyer reaction: It is used to synthesize aryl halide from aryl benzonium salt.

11. Carbylamine reaction: This is the chemical test for detection of primary amine. in this amine is heated with alcoholic potassium hydroxide and chloroform.

12. Isocyanide test: This is also termed as carbylamine reaction. this is discussed earlier.

13. Friedel-Crafts reaction: It is of two types:

(A) Friedel craft alkylation: Alkylation of aromatic ring with an alkyl halide in presence of strong lewis acid catalyst.

(B) Friedel-Craft acylation: Acylation of aromatic ring with an acyl halide in presence of strong lewis acid catalyst.

14. Fehling Test: This test is shown by aldehydes only not ketones. Fehling solution is a mixture of Fehling solution A and Fehling solution B. Fehling solution A is blue aqueous solution of copper sulphate and Fehling solution B is clear solution of aqueous potassium sodium tartrate and a strong alkali ( KOH). When aldehydes react with fehling solution, they give a red precipitate.

15. Gabriel synthesis:  The sodium or potassium salt of pthalimide is N-alkylated with a primary alkyl halide to give the corresponding N-alkylphthalimide.

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Diazotisation rxn, Clemmensen reduction, Cannizaro rxn, Rosenmund Reduction, Aldol Condensation, Riemer Tiemann Rxn, wurtz rxn, Williamson's synthesis of ether, Swartz rxn, Finkelstein rxn

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