Please solve 8c(i):



8 (c) In the figure (3) given below, AD is perpendicular to BC, BD=15 cm, sin B=  4 5  and tan C=1
(i) Calculate the lengths of AD, AB, DC and AC. 

Dear Student,

Please find below the solution to the asked query:

8 ( c ) Given : Sin B  = 45  , We know :  Sin θ = OppositeHypotenuse  ,So 

Sin B = ADAB
We assume ratio coefficient of sides =  x , So  AD  = 4 x  and AB = 5 x 

Now we apply Pythagoras theorem we get :

AB2 = AD2 + BD2 , Substitute given values we get :

(5x)2 = (4x)2 + BD2 ,

25x2 =  16x2 + BD2 ,

BD2 = 9x2,

BD = 3 x 

But we know BD  = 15 cm ( Given ) , So

3 x = 15

= 5 , So

AD = 4x  = 4 ( 5 ) = 20  cm

And

AB = 5 x = 5 ( 5 ) = 25 cm

And

Given : tan C  = 1  , We know : tan θ = OppositeAdjacent  ,So 

tan C = ADDC , So

1 = 20DC ,

DC =  20 cm

Now we apply Pythagoras theorem in triangle ACD we get :

AC2 = AD2 + DC2 , Substitute values we get :

AC2 = 202 + 202 ,

AC2 = 400 + 400 ,

AC2 = 800 ,

AC = 202 =20×1.414 =28.28 cm

Therefore,

AD  = 20 cm , AB = 25 cm , DC = 20 cm and AC = 28.28 cm                                               ( Ans )


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