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Answer 7-
​​​​​​ Personal problems-  Personal problems refers to a problem affecting  an individual. These are the problems that the affected individual, as well as other members of the society typically blame on the individual's own personal and moral feelings. Example- eating disorders, divorce, etc. These are considered to me personal troubles of an individual.
Public issues- These are the issues whose source lies in the social structure and culture of the society. Problems in society thus help account for problems that individuals experience. Example- Sati pratha, female foeticide, etc. these are some public issues that affects many people.

Answer 8- 
  • ​​​​​​​Indira Awaas Yojana(IAY) is a sub-scheme of rural landless employment guarantee program which was launched by the ministry of rural development. 
  • The main objective of IAY is to provide a grant for the construction of houses to members of Scheduled caste(SC)/ Scheduled Tribes(ST), freed bonded labours and to non-SC/ST category who are below the poverty line. 
  • Another objective of IAY is to promote the use of technology and material that is affordable, conductive for generating employment, environment- friendly and sustainable. It also empowers and encourage Panchayats to take a lead role at the village level for the implementation of this housing scheme.


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