Prove that 1.2 + 2.3 + 3.4 +..............n(n+1) = 1/3 n (n+1)(n+2)

Let the given statement be P(n), i.e.,

P(n):

For n = 1, we have

P(1): , which is true.

Let P(k) be true for some positive integer k, i.e.,

We shall now prove that P(k + 1) is true.

Consider

1.2 + 2.3 + 3.4 + … + k.(k + 1) + (k + 1).(k + 2)

= [1.2 + 2.3 + 3.4 + … + k.(k + 1)] + (k + 1).(k + 2)

Thus, P(k + 1) is true whenever P(k) is true.

Hence, by the principle of mathematical induction, statement P(n) is true for all natural numbers i.e., n.

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