Rights place some limits on the authority of the state. Explain with examples.

  • Rights place some limits on the authority of the state as they make the state responsible for its actions.

  • Rights place an obligation upon the state to act in a certain way.

  • For example, the state must ensure that its policies should provide basic needs to all its individuals.

  • Rights suggest what the state must refrain from doing.

  • The state cannot make laws that violate the fundamental rights of the citizens and go against the constitution.

  • Freedom of expression is a basic right of individual therefore the state cannot stop anyone from expressing himself/herself.

  • The state cannot arrest any individual unnecessarily as that would mean violating her/his right of liberty.

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