Solid Sodium Chloride does not conduct electricity while Sodium Chloride solution conducts.Explain.

The essential requirement for conducting electricity is presence of free electrons or mobile/free ions.

Sodium chloride in solid state are closely packed by the strong electrostatic force of attraction and the ions are immobile. Therefore as there are no mobile ions conduction of electricity is not possible.

But ionic compounds in molten state ions have enough energy to break the electrostatic forces of attraction and become mobile therefore conduct electricity.

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Sodium chloride in solution ionizes to form sodium and chlorine ions,these ions are responsible for conducting electricity.In solid sodium and chlorine ions are held together strongly in a crystal.

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