Solve all 3 parts of RTC(an elementary school classroom in slum)


 

Dear Student,
1. The poet is referring to the students who attend an elementary school in the slum as 'These children'. The windows in the classroom are the constant reminders of their squalid reality for the slum school children. These windows show that their futures are painted with fog and their leaden sky is sealed in by a narrow street, bringing them back to a reality far different from the fantastical realms they read about in books.  The map on the classroom wall is the metaphorical window to the world for the slum children.
2. 
The map on the classroom wall is the window to the world for the slum children. This window shut their lives like catacombs. They do not have the opportunity to see the real world or the beauty that resides in it. The map on the wall is the only indicator of a world they can have but cannot enter. These children view the world them through the fog with which their future is painted, narrows streets seal their vision with a leaden sky and keep them far away from the gladdening sight of rivers, capes, and stars of words.
3. The underprivileged children who live in these slums do not have a sense of time and space because everywhere they are hemmed in by their circumstances. Their time and space are like a foggy slum that blots out their maps with a future that cannot be any different from their present. They are doomed to live their lives in such squalor and penury, relegated to the margins of society. For them, there is nothing to look forward to, their future is enshrouded in the fog of misery. History is constructed through major events that happen over the course of time and people remember the generals or war heroes who bring victory to the nation. However, this victory is not without loss as there are people who are relegated to the sidelines of history who also become the casualties of war. These are poor innocent common people who get entangled into expensive diplomatic games and wars of state leaders. This results in the loss of their lives, belongings, loved ones, or all of them at the same time. These are the people through whom stories are written. Stephen Spender sets his poem against the background of a historical event of great import but his lens is focused on the poor children of the slums who are denied opportunities because they are not worthy enough to merit a mention in the annals of history. They come into the limelight only when a governor, inspector, or visitor comes to their place, probably with a political agenda, that they cease to be a mere name on the map. Otherwise, their lives are shut upon them like catacombs and these children, underfed and underclothes, languish on the margins. Spender discusses the sordid squalor of their life and how their education is also a farce because all that they read about are inaccessible to them. These slum children don't have enough to keep body and soul together, so what use is Shakespeare to them asks the poet. All those places on the map are not available to them for exploration because they do not even have enough resources to stay in the place they are. History is scripted by those who have power but literature looks at history through the eyes of the vanquished, the marginalized, and the common man whose voice is drowned in the cacophony of global politics. 
Regards

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