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Dear student,
Please find below the answer:

The correct option is (1).
Stabilizing selection is a type of natural selection that stabilizes the average individual in a population. This is thought to be the ideal mechanism of natural selection as organisms do no show change in traits drastically.

This type of natural selection is operable in environmental conditions that are stable, for a short period of time. This short span of time leads to the selection of those individuals that possess adaptable characters. Hence, it leads to the elimination of species that have over-specialized characters. They will be at a disadvantage as compared to those species that have average characters and thus, are selected by nature. 

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The correct answer will be option (A) stabilizing selection.

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