The focal length of a Plano convex glass lens is 20cm (mew=1.5).The plane face is silvered .An illuminating object is placed at a distance of 60cm from the lens on its axis along the convex side .Then the. distance (in cm) of the image is
1)20cm 2)30cm 3)40cm 4)12cm

Dear Student,
Please find below the solution to the asked query:
 
First we need tofind the equivalent focal length of a system in which plano convex lens has one surface silvered, we consider the phenomenon taking place in three steps:
  1. Refraction through first surface (convex surface)
  2. Reflection through silvered surface (plane surface)
  3. Refraction through first surface again (convex surface)
 So the equivalent focal length of system can be given as

1feq=1fconvex+1fsilvered+1fconvex1feq=1fconvex+1+1fconvex1feq=2fconvex=220 cmfeq= 10 cmNow, u = - 60 cm, feq =10 cmFrom len's equation 1feq=1v-1u1v=1feq+1u1v=110-160v=10×6060 -10=12 cm
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