?The pattern of growth that Indian agriculture is currently experiencing also highlights the fact
that despite the changes in the macroeconomic policy framework and trade liberalization, the
agricultural sector in India neither experienced significantly higher growth subsequent to the
initiation of economic reforms in 1991 nor did it derive the expected benefits from trade
liberalization.? Justify.

Dear student,
      Though economic reforms in 1991 created great impact on the economy of India the agricultural sector of India neither experienced any significant changes. The major causes for not achieving higher growth in agricultural sector may be pointed as:
1. Low public investment- During the reform period investment in agricultural areas such as irrigation,power,research etc.. declined.This caused low development in agriculture.
2. Removal of subsidy- Removal of subsidy in fertilisers impacted farmers causing many to suffer loss from the agricultural sector. This made agriculture less attractive sector for people to choose this sector for making money.
3. Increased cost of production- High cost of fertilisers and other equipments increased the cost of production in agricultural sector not showing the expected benefits due to liberalization.
4. Policy changes- Frequent policy changes caused distress to the sector affecting the export business
5. Shift to cash crops- More export oriented policies paved the way to shift agriculture from food crops to cash crops for exporting causing lack of food crops in domestic market.
6 Removal of minimum support price- Removal of minimum support price and other quantitative restrictions caused distress in the sector.

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