There are two problems which cause great worry to our educationists. The problem of religious and moral instruction in a land of many faiths and the problem arising out of a large variety of languages. Taking up the education of children, we see that they should be trained to love one another to be kind and helpful to all, to be tender to the lower animals, and to acquire skills to write, count and calculate. It should, however, not make us lose sight of the primary aim of moulding personality in the right way. For this it is necessary to call into aid culture, tradition and religion. But in our country we have, in the same school, to look after boys and girls born in different faiths and families with diverse ways of life as ordained in their respective religions. It will not do to tread the easy path of evading the difficulty by attending solely to physical culture and intellectual education. We have to evolve a suitable technique and method for serving the spiritual needs of school children professing different faiths. We would there by promote an atmosphere of mutual respect, a fuller understanding and helpful co operation among the different communities in our society. Again, we must remain one people and we have, therefore to give basic training in our schools to speak and understand more languages than one and to appreciate and respect the different religions prevailing in India. It is not right for us in India to be dissuaded from this by considerations as to over-taking the young mind. What is necessary must be done. And it is not in fact too great a burden.Any attempt to do away with or steam-roll the differences through governmental coercion and indirect pressure would be as futile as it would be unwise. Any imposition of a single way of life and form of worship on all children, or neglect of a section of the pupils in this respect, or barren secularization, will lead to a conflict between school and home life, which is harmful. On the other hand, if we give due recognition to the different prevailing faiths in the educational institution by organizing suitable facilities for religious teaching for boys and girls of all communities, this may itself serve as a broadening influence of great national value.(Source — C. Rajagopalachari —388 words)(a)On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes on it, in points only, using abbreviations/short forms (minimum 4), wherever necessary. Supply an appropriate title to it.5 (b)Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.3
Title: Influence of Faiths and Languages on Education Notes: 1. Worry of our educationists 1.1 problem of relig. And moral edn. 1.2 innum. faiths & variety of langs. 2. Task of teaching 2.1 moulding right personality 2.2 loving one another 2.3 being kind & helpful to all 2.4 tender to lower animals 2.5 observing & thinking right 3. Spiritual needs of school children 3.1 teaching mutual respect 3.2 co-operation among diff. communities 3.3 speaking & understanding more langs. than one Key to Abbreviations 1. education = edn. 2. languages = langs. 3. innumerable = innum. 4. and = & 5. different = diff. 6. religious = relig. Summary Generally school children face two types of problems. There is a problem of religions and moral education since there are innumerable faiths and languages as well. The task of teaching involves moulding right personality and that will give them love. They should learn to be kind and helpful. They should be tender to lower animals. There are certain techniques which can achieve the spiritual needs. They can learn mutual respect and cooperate with the children of different communities. It is important that they should cooperate and understand the others as well.