Using paralalogram law of vector addition to derive an expression for the magnitude and direction of the resultant of two vector?

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Parallelogram Law of Vector Addition

Statement of Parallelogram Law 

If two vectors acting simultaneously at a point can be represented both in magnitude and direction by the adjacent sides of a parallelogram drawn from a point, then the resultant vector is represented both in magnitude and direction by the diagonal of the parallelogram passing through that point.

Derivation of the law

Note: All the letters in bold represent vectors and normal letters represent magnitude only.

 

Let P and Q be two vectors acting simultaneously at a point and represented both in magnitude and direction by two adjacent sides OA and OD of a parallelogram OABD as shown in figure.

Let θ be the angle between and and be the resultant vector. Then, according to parallelogram law of vector addition, diagonal OB represents the resultant of P and Q.

So, we have

                  = P + Q

Now, expand A to C and draw BC perpendicular to OC.

From triangle OCB,

      

In triangle ABC,

      

Also,

      

Magnitude of resultant:

Substituting value of AC and BC in (i), we get

 

      

which is the magnitude of resultant.

Direction of resultant: Let ø be the angle made by resultant with P. Then,

From triangle OBC,

      

which is the direction of resultant.
Hope you understand..

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