voice

The voice of a verb represents the relationship between the action being described by it on the one hand and the subject and the object on the other.

 

Active Voice

Subject (doer of the action) + Verb (action) + Object (receiver of the action)

If the subject is the doer of the action (i.e., the subject is active), then the verb is in the active voice. This voice is used when the doer of the action is to be emphasised.

For example:

Pankaj found the treasure.

Here, ‘Pankaj’ is the subject, while ‘the treasure’ is the object. The doer of the action (‘to find’) is the subject. Hence, the verb is used in the active voice.

 

Passive Voice

Subject (receiver of the action) + Verb (action) + Object (doer of the action)

If the subject is the receiver of the action (i.e., the subject is passive), then the verb is in the passive voice. In other words, the object in the active voice becomes the subject in the passive voice. This voice is used when the receiver of the action is to be emphasised.

For example:

The treasure was found by Pankaj.

Here, ‘the treasure’ is the subject, while ‘Pankaj’ is the object. The receiver of the action (‘to find’) is the subject. Hence, the verb is used in the passive voice.

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The following explanation would help clear your doubt on the topic.

In English grammar, voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action that the verb conveys and the direct object or the subject.

 

Now let us go through the concepts of active and passive voice:

A verb is in active voice when the subject used in the sentence is the main doer of the action taking place. Here, the action of the verb is linear or straightforward.


For instance:

1. She was cooking rice;

2. The teacher was teaching the students of Grade-XI;

3. He lied to me;

4. They bought a huge house.


Now, in the same context, a verb is in passive voice when the subject becomes the recipient of the action involved. Here the verb acts upon the subject.

For instance:

1. Rice was being cooked by her;

2. The students of Grade-XI were being taught by the teacher;

3. I was lied to by her;

4. A huge house was bought by them.

 

Hope the above explanation and instances help you understand the concept better .


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