What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?

A truly democratic government ensures equality and justice for all its citizens. Some of the ways by which a government can seek to address the twin issues of equality and justice are as follows:

(i) Implementing laws that ban discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, religion, region, gender, wealth, language, etc.

(ii) Providing provisions for groups that are at a disadvantage in the society. For example, the scheduled castes and tribes, the backward classes, women and the girl child, certain religious minorities, small farmers, labourers and the poor

(iii) Making available the basic requirements for proper food, clothing, shelter, education and employment

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