What are endemic species ?Name some flora and fauna found in Panchmari Biosphere Reserve .

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An endemic species is a species which is restricted to one area or inhabitant of a particular area. These species are found only in a specific region or location and not present anywhere else in the world .Endemic species can be animal, plant or it can be any microorganism. Example: Malabar Grey Hornbill.  

Flora in Pachmarhi biosphere reserve: Teak, Sal, silver fern, Jamun etc.
Fauna in Pachmarhi biosphere reserve: Tiger, gaur, Chital deer, leopards, sambar deer etc.

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Endemic species are plants and animals that exist only in one geographic region. species can be  Endemic to large or small areas of the earth: some are Endemic to a particular continent, some to part of a continent, and others to a single island.
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The forests are dominated by teak (Tectona grandis). They include the westernmost groves of sal (Shorea robusta), which is the dominant tree of eastern India's forests. Other endemic vegetation includes wild mango, silver fern, jamun and arjun.[1]


Fourteen ethno-botanical plant species occur in PBR have been studied, which are traded from the selected villages of the buffer zone area of PBR. Different plant parts of these important species are collected by the local people for their own consumption and trade. A part of the reserve vegetation has been studied by Prof. Chandra Prakash Kala, especially with respect to the indigenous uses of the plants.






A total 5 ethno-botanical species such as Acacia nilotica, Anogeissus latifolia, Sterculia urens, Terminalia tomentosa, and Terminalia arjuna are in the collection of gums. With Acacia nilotica and Terminalia tomentosa, the gums ooze out from their branches without needing any cuts on the tree. Anogeissus latifolia, Sterculia urens, and Terminalia arjuna are treated conventionally for collection of gums, by making cuts into the stem.[citation needed]


Large mammal species include tigers, leopard, wild boar, gaur (Bos gaurus), chital deer (Axis axis)s, muntjac deers, sambar deer (Cervus unicolor)s, and rhesus macaques.

The endemic fauna includes chinkari, nilgai, wild dogs, the Indian wolf, bison, Indian giant squirrels, and flying squirrels.

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