What are figures speech pls explain it



A Figure of Speech is where a word or a group of words is used to create an effect, often where they do not have their original or literal meaning. The following is an explanation of some of the many types of figures of speech.

Simile is a figure of speech which means an implied comparison made between two objects of different kinds which have however at least one point in common.

For instance,

  • My love is like a melody.
  • You are going crazy like an insane person.

Metaphor is an implied simile. They are different from simile because like similes they do not state that one thing is like another or acts as another but takes that for granted and proceeds as if the two things were one.

For instance,

  • The camel is the ship of the desert.
  • She was a nightingale in the concert.

Alliteration is a term that describes a literary stylistic device. It occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. For example, “Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers” or “She sells sea-shells down by the sea-short” are both alliterative phrases. In the former, all the words start with the “p” sound, while in the later, the “s’s” take precedence. Aside from tongue twisters, alliteration is also used in poems, song lyrics, and even store or brand names.

Observe the following sentences to understand the concept better:

  • Kimmy’s kids kept kiting.
  • Lizie’s lizard likes leaping leopards.

Personification is a figure of speech where inanimate objects and abstract notions are spoken of as having life and intelligence.

For instance,

  • The stars danced in the moonlit sky.
  • Fear knocked on the door.

Onomatopoeia is another figure of speech in which the sound of a word is imitative of the sound of the thing which the word represents; as, the buzz of bees; the hiss of a goose; the crackle of fire. The word onomatopoeia originates from the Greek word onomatopoiia meaning 'word-making'.

Few more instances are:

  • Ding dong! The bells are going to chime.
  • Tring Tring rings the telephone.


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