what are modals ? give examples.

Verbs like can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must and ought are modals. They are used to denote possibility, certainty, probability etc.  For example:

 

I can see through the glass.

I may visit my aunt tonight.

You should take care of your health.

I will see tomorrow.

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A verb that combines with another verb to indicate mood or tense. A modal (also known as a modal auxiliary) expresses necessity, uncertainty, ability, or permission.
 
Most linguists agree that there are 10 core or central modals in English: can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would. Other verbs--including need, had better and invariant be--may also function as modals (or semi-modals).
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