what are the basic features of a democratic government
The five main characteristics of democracy are as under:
(i) Elected representative:
In democracy representatives elected by the people make laws and frame policies of the government.
(ii) Elections are held to elect the representatives:
All adult citizens have the right to participate (vote) in .the elections. Elections should be free and fair and must be held at regular intervals. Citizens who have reached a certain age (in India, it is 25 years for election to Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies) are allowed to contest elections.
(iii) Civil liberties:
An important characteristic of democracy is that it grants top civil liberties to the citizens. They enjoy freedoms of speech, expression, and information. Citizens have a right to form, join or quit an association. It includes the right to form political party.
(iv) Rule of law:
Another characteristic of democracy is that it ensures rule of law. Law is supreme and all the citizens are equal in the eyes of law. No one is above law.
(v) Independent judiciary:
Independence of Judiciary is an essential characteristic of democracy. Judiciary must be free from any control of the executive or the legislature. Judges must be honest and should deliver justice impartially.
(vi) Organised opposition party:
Another important characteristic of democracy is the presence of organised opposition party or parties in the state. Majority party forms the government and party with a minority in the legislature forms the opposition party.
The opposition party keeps an eye on the policies and working of the government. By criticising the wrong policies of the government, it forces the government to make laws and frame policies for the welfare of the people. It prevents the government from being dictatorial.
The main features of a Democracy
Posted by lednum on September 27, 2006
Majority Rule- the system of government is based on parliamentry majorities
Representative Elections-the people are allowed to elect represtatives to speak for their views and interests.
Multi party system-voters have the opportunity to choose from a variety of political parties, represting a wide range of political opinion.
Freedom of speech-no restriction is placed on the right to opinions and express then openly.
Freedom of association-no restriction is placed on people organising political parties to take part in democratic life.
Freedom of Assembly-no restriction is placed on the right to hold meetings or organise demonstrations provided those do not violate the rights of others.
Respect the individual rights-the state protects individuals whose rights are threatened by the actions of others.
Respect for Minority rights-minorities should not have their basic rights violated by the majority.
Respect for the Law-citizens who are given democratic rights should obey the laws that provide these rights.
Respect for Democratic Procedures-individuals or groups who have grievances against the system should operate within it, seeking to change the law through legal means.
Channels of Influence-individuals and groups have channels of access to decision makers at every level.