What are the main characteristics of health of the people of our country?

Health is not only mere absence of disease but also includes the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being of an individual. In other words, it means a sound physical and mental state of the individual. A person’s ability to work depends on his health. A healthy person can contribute more actively. Hence, health and development of a person are the integral parts of a nation's social and economic development.

It is very difficult to assess public health in terms of the single set of measures. So, various other indicators have been taken into account like infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, life expectancy and nutrition level along with the communicable and non communicable diseases. The various health indicators in India have been tabulated in the table below.


Health Indicators in India


Health Indicators



Infant Mortality Rate/1,000 live-births

Under-5 mortality/1,000 live-births

Birth by skilled attendants

Fully immunised

Health expenditure as % of GDP

Government health spending to 5 total government spending (%)

Per Capita spending in International Dollars








   Source: World Health Record 2005 and Economic Survey 2007-08


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