what are the powers of president of india

The powers of The president can be divided into the following :

Legislative powers: 

  • The president summons both the Houses of the Parliament and prorogues them. 
  • He or she can dissolve the Lok Sabha
  • The President uses these powers according to the advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. 
  • All bills passed by the Parliament can become laws only after receiving the assent of the President. 
  •  President can promulgate ordinances which have the same force and effect as laws passed by Parliament when both Houses of the Parliament are not in session and if government feels the need for immediate action.

Executive powers: 

  • The Constitution vests the President of India  as the executive head of the government
  • The President appoints the Prime Minister the person most likely to command the support of the majority in the Lok Sabha.
  • The President then appoints the other members of the Council of Ministers, distributing portfolios to them on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  •  The President is responsible for making a wide variety of appointments. 

Financial powers:

  • All money bills originate in Parliament, but only if the President recommends it. 
  • He or she causes the Annual Budget and supplementary Budget before Parliament. 
  • No money bill can be introduced in Parliament without his or her assent. 
  • The President appoints a finance commission every five years. 

Judicial powers:

  • The president appoints the Chief Justice of the Union Judiciary and other judges on the advice of the Chief Justice.
  • The President dismisses the judges if and only if the two Houses of the Parliament pass resolutions to that effect by two-thirds majority of the members present.
  •  He/she has the right to grant pardon. 
  • He/She can suspend, remit or commute the death sentence of any person..
  •  He/she enjoys the judicial immunity: No criminal proceedings can be initiated against him/her during his term in office. 
  •  He/She is not answerable for the exercise of his/her duties.

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