what are the symptoms of aids?  name the dideases that are caused by aids.

Dear Student,

Following are the early symptoms of HIV





Later symptoms of HIV/ AIDS are:

1.rapid weight loss

2.dry cough

3.recurring fever or profuse night sweats

4.profound and unexplained fatigue

5.swollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck

6.Diarrhea lasting more than a week


Common HIV-related opportunistic infections and diseases are:


bacterial pneumonia

Viral diseases (caused by herpes simplex virus etc.)

lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma.


@Sanidhya: good effort!! Keep it up!

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Signs and symptoms

Main symptoms of AIDS.
X-ray of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). There is increased white (opacity) in the lower lungs on both sides, characteristic of PCP

The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. Most of these conditions are infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites that are normally controlled by the elements of the immune system that HIV damages.

Opportunistic infections are common in people with AIDS.[14] These infections affect nearly every organ system.

People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma, cervical cancer and cancers of the immune system known as lymphomas. Additionally, people with AIDS often have systemic symptoms of infection like fevers, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness, and weight loss.[15][16] The specific opportunistic infections that AIDS patients develop depend in part on the prevalence of these infections in the geographic area in which the patient lives.

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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The illness interferes with the immune system making people with AIDS much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections and tumors that do not affect people with working immune systems. This susceptibility gets worse as the disease continues.

1.Pneumocystis pneumonia

2. Neurological and psychiatric: HIV infection may lead to a variety of neuropsychiatric sequelae, either by infection of the now susceptible nervous system by organisms, or as a direct consequence of the illness itself

3. A IDS patients often develop opportunistic infections that present with non-specific symptoms, especially low-grade fevers and weight loss.

4. Infection with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare and cytomegalovirus (CMV). CMV can cause colitis, as described above, and CMV retinitis can cause blindness.

5. Penicilliosis due to Penicillium marneffei is now the third most common opportunistic infection (after extrapulmonary tuberculosis and cryptococcosis) in HIV-positive individuals within the endemic area of Southeast Asia.

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