WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE? PLZ QUICK TOMORROW I HAVE TEST.
The following explanation would help clear your doubt on the topic.
In English grammar, voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action that the verb conveys and the direct object or the subject.
Now let us go through the concepts of active and passive voice:
A verb is in active voice when the subject used in the sentence is the main doer of the action taking place. Here, the action of the verb is linear or straightforward.
1. She was cooking rice;
2. The teacher was teaching the students of Grade-XI;
3. He lied to me;
4. They bought a huge house.
Now, in the same context, a verb is in passive voice when the subject becomes the recipient of the action involved. Here the verb acts upon the subject.
1. Rice was being cooked by her;
2. The students of Grade-XI were being taught by the teacher;
3. I was lied to by her;
4. A huge house was bought by them.
Hope the above explanation and instances help you understand the concept better .
In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.
These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action.
Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
One can change the normal word order of many active sentences (those with a direct object) so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive.
Note in these examples how the subject-verb relationship has changed.
Because the subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice.
NOTE: Colorful parrots live in the rainforests cannot be changed to passive voice because the sentence does not have a direct object.
To change a sentence from active to passive voice, do the following:
1. Move the active sentence's direct object into the sentence's subject slot
2. Place the active sentence's subject into a phrase beginning with the preposition by
3. Add a form of the auxiliary verb be to the main verb and change the main verb's form
Because passive voice sentences necessarily add words and change the normal doer-action-receiver of action direction, they may make the reader work harder to understand the intended meaning.
As the examples below illustrate, a sentence in active voice flows more smoothly and is easier to understand than the same sentence in passive voice.
It is generally preferable to use the ACTIVE voice.