what do you mean by commercialisation of agriculture ?

 on the eve of independence, Indian economy was subsistence economy. The britishers encouraged for the production of cash crops which made this economy comercialized economy. It means productions not only for the self consumption but also for sell in the market.

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COMMERCIALISATION OF AGRICULTURE - the production of cash crops by the farmers to the market for economic purpose instead of food crops for family consumption ...... 

THIS TOOK PLACE DURING THE BRITISH RULE 

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 What was the state of primary sector of the indian economy on the eve of independence?

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During the british rule british implemented "Commercialisation of agriculture" which meant growing up more of cash crops wiyh comparison to the food crops which ultimately had one main objective of earning profit. It was practised by the way that from all the agricultural lands a part was fixed for the growing up of crops which made money like cotton, jute etc. British peoplw wished to spalh out maximum amount of profit by doing so which was also their prime objective. By this the concentration on the food crops of indian farmers was fully erased which led the britishers accomplish their mission of getting high incomes and revenues from poor farmers of the country.

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When britisher force to indian farmer produced cash crops for industrial purpose' they shifted to cash crops and harvesting
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Very bad .....
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Agriculture # Subject-Matter:

Till the end of the first half of the 19th century, the Indian village was essentially self-sufficient. It had hardly any contact with the world outside except for the occasional visits of the grain or cloth merchant who carried the surplus of one village to make good the deficiency of another. In such a village, production was dictated by its self-sufficient character.

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The village grew its own food, made its own implements and produced small-quantities of cotton and oil seeds?all for its own requirements. There were, however, two crops which could not be grown all over the country. These were cotton and Sugar-cane. Even in these, trade was severely limited in extent and restricted to a small area.

In such a self-sufficient community, which had only a few exchanges to make with the outside world, the need for money was rarely felt. Instead, grain was the standard of value which was used by the villagers for remunerating services or for effecting exchanges with each other.

However, from 1860 onwards, a series of developments took place which, on one side, broke the traditional isolation of the village, and, on the other, transformed the nature of agriculture from subsistence to commercial farming. The farmer, no longer, produced for his domestic consumption but ?a good proportion of land went under the plough for purposes of export?.

The development of transport and foreign trade led to the introduction of a variety of new crops such as tobacco, groundnuts and potatoes while, at a later stage, the Commercial requirements of the Company led it to encourage the cultivation of indigo, jute, tea and coffee.

Dependent as he became on foreign markets, the farmer now realised that it was more paying to live on the profits earned from his farm than on the products that he grew. This change in Indian agriculture is called the commercialisation of Agriculture.

A point worth noting is that all these crops, which now came in vogue, had been grown for a long time on small patches around every village. The change which now came about was not so much an increase in the total area under commercial crops. This was not possible because India had also to produce sufficient food grains for her increasing population.

The change which came about with commercialisation was in the direction of increasing localisation and specialisa?tion. The irrigated areas in Deccan took to the cultivation sugar-cane; cotton growing became localised in Berar, Jute in Bengal and wheat in the canal colonies of the Punjab.
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it means production of cash crops like jute ,cotton ,indigo etc. in agriculture
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It means the crop used to buy by farmers for earning
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Commercialisation of Agriculture meant that the Indian farmers will only produce cash crops due to the forceful behaviour by Britishers. Commercial Cash crops like cotton, jute, indigo etc were produced by the Indian farmers.These crops benefited the British for their commercial purposes. Commercialisation flourished the demand of British markets hence leading to a huge loss to Indian Agriculture and resulting in Commercialising the Indian agrarian Economy.


Thankyou!!!
​hope my answer helps you..:)

 
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Commercialisation of agriculture is a phenomena in which agriculture is governed by commercial consideration, i.e. the crops produced are not in use for village consumption but are used for sale in national and international markets.
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Commercialization of Agriculture refers to production of food crops or cash crops for sale in market rather than for self consumption. The farmers were forced to produce such cash crops which could be exported to britain as raw material for there industries. This reduced the availbility of food grains in the country leading to famines and droughts.
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How did the British rulers policy at work affected the foreign trade of India
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Commercialisation of agriculture means production of crops for sale in the market rather than for self consumption
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Why is the year 1921 considerd a great devide year?
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Commercial agriculture means the production of non fodder crops like(cotton,jute)to earn money is called commercial agriculture
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Commercialisation of agriculture is a phenomenon where agriculture is governed by commercial consideration i.e. certain specialised crop began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national international market.
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commercilisation of agriculture means that the agricultre is shifted to commercial crip. ex- cotton , jute...etc
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It refers to shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for market surplus..eg..commercial crop like indigo.
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From Growing crop for self consumption to growing crop for marketing ..
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Commercialisation of agriculture is an act whereby agriculture is governed by commercial consideration i.e. certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market.Commercialisation of agriculture in India began during the British rule.
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Commercialisation of agriculture refers to a shift from cultivation for salf consumption to cultivation for the market.
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Means the Indian farmer have to produce only cash crops like-cotton etc. and not to produce food crops like-vegetables etc.
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Commercilisation of agriculture refers to shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation of the market.
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This was yet another result of British economic policies in India. Commercial agriculture -crop production for market rather than for consumption was encouraged by the colonial rulers. The commercialization of agriculture disrupted the traditional structure of Indian village economy. The new land system had already weakened the existing rural framework.
Now it was shattered by the spread of commercial agriculture. This process of commercialization also adversely affected the life and economic position of the peasantry.
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Economics is the branch of social science which deals with the wealth by the resources, human welfare for the resources and scarcity of the resources.
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Commercialisation of agriculture?is a phenomenon where?agriculture?is governed by commercial consideration i.e. certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market.
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indian farmers has to produce cash crops(jute,silk)instead of food crops(rice,wheat)
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Commercialisation of agriculture::when the farmers shifted their farming from food to cash crops for more income.
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Commercialization of agriculture means producingcrops for the market rather than self consumption.

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commercialization means farmers crop the sale in the market
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The British rule had pronounced and profound economic impact on India.

The various economic policies followed by the British led to the rapid transformation of India's economy into a colonial economy whose nature and structure were determined by needs of the British economy. One important aspect of British economic policy was commercialization of agriculture.

The commercialization of agriculture means that the agricultural crops and goods are produced by the peasants for sale in the market and not for their own consumption. Commercialization of agriculture in India began during the British rule. The commercialization of Indian Agriculture took place not to feed the industries of India because India was far behind in industrial development as compared to Britain, France, Belgium and many other European countries of eighteenth century.

The commercialization of Indian Agriculture was done primarily to feed the British industries that it was taken up and achieved only in cases-of those agricultural products which were either needed by the British industries or could fetch cash commercial gain to the British in the European or American market.

For example, several efforts were made to increase the production of cotton in India to provide raw and good quality cotton to the cotton-textile industries of Britain which were growing fast after the Industrial Revolution in Britain. Therefore, cotton growing area increase in India and its production increased manifold with gradual lapse of time. Indigo and more than that, tea and coffee plantation were encouraged in India because these could get commercial market abroad.

Most of the plantations for commercial crops were controlled by the English. Jute was another product that received attention of the English company because the jute made products got a ready market in America and Europe. The commercialization of India agriculture was initiated in India by the British through their direct and indirect policies and activities.

Firstly, the new land tenure system introduced in form of permanent settlement and Ryotwari Settlement had made agricultural land a freely exchangeable commodity.

The Permanent settlement by giving ownership right to the zamindars created a class of wealthy landlords; they could make use of this ownership right by sale or purchase of land. Further, the agriculture which had been way of life rather than a business enterprise now began to be practiced for sale in national and international market.

Moreover, crops like cotton, jute, sugarcane, ground nuts, tobacco etc. which had a high demand in the market were increasingly cultivated. The beginning of the plantation crops like Tea, coffee, rubber, indigo etc heralded a new era in agricultural practices in India. These were essentially meant for markets and thus commercialization of agriculture took to new heights with the expansion of the British rule.

A large number of factors encouraged and facilitated commercialization of Indian agriculture. The political unity established by the British and the resultant rise of the unified national market was an important factor. Further, the spread of money economy replaced the barter and agricultural goods became market items.

Further, the replacement of custom and tradition by competition and contract also led to the commercialization of Indian agriculture was also aided by the expansion of means of transportation and communication. The laying of railway lines and expansion of rail and road transport enabled the transportation of agricultural products from production centers to markets.

Another boosting factor for commercialization of agriculture in India was the gaining of speed of Industrial Revolution in England. This led to factor in commercialization as more and more agricultural goods were produced to satisfy the demand for raw materials by the British industries. The enlargement and expansion of international trade and the entry of British finance capital also belted commercialization of agriculture.

This was especially so in cotton as the civil war disrupted the supplies of cotton from America and thereby increased demand for Indian cotton. Further, the British policy of one way free trade also acted as sufficient encouraging factor for commercialization as the manufactured items in textile, jute etc could find free entry in Indian markets, where as the manufactured goods did not have similar free access to European markets.

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it means simple man how work in fild
 
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the production if cash crops by the farmer to the market for economic purpose instead of food crop for family consumption
 
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COMMERCIALISATION OF AGRICULTURE:- Commercialisation of agriculture refers to a shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for the market.
This took place during the British Rule


 
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Commercialistion refers to production of food crops for sale in the market instead of self consumption .
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Commercialization of agriculture means growing or producing only those crops which are used for selling in the market and earning profits . These crops need large investments and capital.
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It refers to a shift from cultivation for self to cultivation for market
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It means to expose the subsistence farmers to uncertainty of market
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Certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market.Farmers growing cash crops for earning income by selling the crops in the market.
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Commercialisation of agriculture refers to the cultivation of cash crops like - tea, coffee, rubber, etc instead of food grains with the purpose to sell in the market
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I don't know
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Commercialization of Agriculture means farmers started to shift to cash crops. They also started using New technologies and they produced goods with the aim of earning profits
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This is your answer I think I help u

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It refers to shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for the market
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commercialization of agriculture means shift from production for self consumption to production for the market
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It means the privatization of agriculture
When the farmer grow crops not for his family consumption but for the sale not the crop in the market.
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Commercialization of agriculture means production of crops for sale I'm the market rather than self consumption
Or
In simple words(when British rule was there in our country so that time farmers were forced to grow cash crop in there field like cotton ,jute etc for sale so that period is called commercialization...
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Commercialisation of agriculture means growing cash crops instead of food crops
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during British Period there was a new trend in agricultural sector which is called the commercialization of agriculture.Under this insteadof production of food crops there has been more production of cash crops. The main purpose of agriculture production shifted from self consumption to selling in the market,through a small group of farmers were interested to shift their cropping patterns from food crops to cash crops it created crisis of food items in India.
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In agriculture, commercialization refers to planting or cultivation of crops which have high economic or commercial value

The products obtained in this type of agriculture are used in industries and hence, this type of farming can also be termed as commercial farming

The main aspects of this type of farming are usage of high yielding variety of seeds, high doses of chemicals, fertilizers, etc.

These inputs result in higher production which are beneficial to land owners and farmers who use them

Some examples of crops cultivated in this type of farming are plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber etc.

Even rice is ?considered as a commercial crop as it is a staple crop in some regions whereas it is a commercial crop in regions like Punjab

These crops have high export value too

Moreover, due to these inputs like land fertility, soil nature, fertilisers and water sources commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another
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Commercialisation of agriculture means growing cash crops instead of food crops. During British period.
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Commercialisation of agriculture: It means that shifting the cultivation from subsistence to cultivation for market for sale that is marketable surplus..... In other words, it means shifting from the cultivation of traditional crops to commercial crops... Traditional crops are wheat rice eats and commercial crop is indigo.. Thanku 😊
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shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for sale in the market
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By commercialisation of agriculture we mean production of agricultural crops for sale in the market, rather than for family consumption. ... The decision to cultivate commercial crops was usually determined by the requirements of subsistence farming of peasants. :)
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commercialization of agriculture refers to a shift from. cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for sale in the market
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commercialisation of agriculture: 
when farmers started growing crash crops like indigo other than food crops like wheat, rice
previously, indian farmers practiced  subsistence farming in order to meet heir own needs but with commercialisation of agriculture during colonial rule, farmers grew cash crops to meet the needs of british industries 
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By commercialization of agriculture we mean production of agricultural crops for sale in market, rather than for family consumption.
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this is your answer I think u

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Commercialization of agriculture means production of crops for sale in the market rather than for self consumption.
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Commerce miss time of agriculture means production of crops for sale in the market rather than for self consumption
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Please find this answer

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Commercialisation of agriculture #meaning: by commercialisation of agriculture we mean production of agriculture crop for sale in the market not for self consumption or family consumption in other words we can say that shift in agriculture from self consumption to sell in the market.
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Commercialisation of agriculture refers to a shift from cultivation for self- consumption to cultivation for the market.
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We maen production of agricultural crops for sale in the market,rather than for family consumption.....the decision to cultivate commercial crops was usually determined by the requirement of subsistence farming of peasants....
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We mean production of agricultural crops for sale in the market, rather than for family consumption......The decision to cultivate commercial crops was usually determined by the requirement of subsistence farming of peasants.
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We mean production of agricultural crops for sale in the market rather than for family consumption.The decision to cultivate commercial crops was usually determined by the requirement of subsistence farming of peasants.
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It refers to a shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivation for the market.
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Please find this answer

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Commercialisation of agriculture means growing crops for earning capital. In previous year farmers were doing agriculture only for feed himself and their families. But during British adminis tration farmers were forced to do commercial agriculture to feed their factories.e.g. of commercial crops are Indigo,tea etc.
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It refers to the shifting from food crop to cash crop .like jute , cotton etc for raw material.
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When farmers are forced to grow cash crops instead of food crops
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Commercialization of agriculture refer to shift from cultivation for self consumption to cultivate for the market
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Commercialisation of agriculture means using farming not only as a source of subsistence but also for earning .
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Please find this answer

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