what is a clause?

Clauses are units of grammar that contain at least one predicate (verb) and a subject. A clause, therefore, contains a single verb group. A clause is different than a phrase. A clause is a group of words with a verb and a subject. Instances of the same can be seen in italics in the following sentences: 

* He has a chain which is made of gold. 

* The train had left by the time they reached. 

* I belong to a family which has fifteen members.

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