What is a transitive and intransitive verbs?

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A transitive verb is a verb that denotes an action which passes over from the doer or subject to an object.

Example: The mother fed the baby;

He filled up the form;

They enjoyed the party, etc.

An intransitive verb denotes an action which does not pass over to an object, or which expresses a state or being, such as:

He ran a long distance;

The balloon burst in the sky;

Please keep quiet, etc.

A matter needs to be noted here that most verbs can be used both as transitive and as intransitive verbs. It is, therefore, better to say that a verb is used transitively or intransitively rather than that it is transitive or intransitive.

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An English verb complex consisting of a verb and one or more following particles and acting as a complete syntactic and semantic unit, as look up in She looked up the word in the dictionary or She looked the word up in the dictionary.

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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning. Basically, the verb is transferred to the direct object. For example, in the sentence,"I flipped the mattress," flipped is the transitive verb; its direct object is mattress. The mattress received the action, flipped.

An intransitive verb is a verb that does not require a direct object to make sense. "In the sentence,"I fell," fell is the intransitive verb, since it does not transfer its action to a direct object.


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