What is apartheid ?
Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. The white Europeans imposed this system on South Africa. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the trading companies from Europe occupied it with arms and force. A large number of whites settled here and became the local rulers. The system of apartheid divided the people and labeled them on the basis of their skin colour. The native people of South Africa are black in colour. They made up about three-fourth of the population and were called blacks.
The white rulers treated all non-whites as inferiors. They were forbidden from living in white areas. They could work in white areas only if they had a permit. Trains, buses, hospitals, schools etc, were all separate for the whites and blacks. This was called segregation.