what is criss cross method of writing formula

Chemical formula of a compound is the symbolic representation of its atomic constituents. In other words, a chemical formula represents the composition of a molecule in terms of the symbols of the elements present in that molecule.

 To write the chemical formula of a compound, one should have prior knowledge of two things:The symbols of the constituent elementsThe combining capacity (valency) of each atom or ion constituting the compound

While writing the chemical formula, certain rules have to be kept in mind. These rules are given below:

1. The valencies or charges on the ions must be balanced.

2. In case of a compound consisting of a metal and a non-metal, the symbol of the metal is written first. For example, in calcium chloride (CaCl2) and zinc sulphide (ZnS), calcium and zinc are metals, hence they are written first, whereas chlorine and sulphur are non-metals.

(iii) In case of compounds consisting of polyatomic ions, the polyatomic ions are enclosed in a bracket before writing the number to indicate the ratio. For example, in aluminium sulphate [Al2 (SO4)3], the polyatomic sulphate ion is enclosed in a bracket before writing the subscript 3.

(a) Formula of calcium oxide

 Symbol Ca O Charge 2+ 2−

Thus, the chemical formula of calcium oxide is CaO.

(b)Formula of aluminium sulphate

 Symbol Al SO4 Charge 3+ 2−

Thus, the formula of aluminium sulphate is Al2(SO4)3. Brackets are used when we have two or more of the same ions in a formula. Here, the bracket with a subscript 3 indicates that three sulphate groups are joined to two aluminium atoms.

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first write the symbol and its valency above it ( write positive on the left and negative to right)

+1  -2

eg. H2SO4 =  H  SO4

then bring both the valencies to the lower right side

H  SO4

1  2

Then interchange the valencies so it becomes H2SO4 (one valency can be ignored)

If radicals get a number more than one enclose within brackets.

Like

Al  SO4  so aluminium sulphate =Al2(SO4)3

3  2

We call it criss cross because when we show the interchange of valencies, we draw a line to match it.

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HEY MANISHA IN MY ANSWER AFTER THE FIRST SENTENCE +1 AND -2 MEANS THE VALENCY OF HYDROGEN AND SULPHATE RESPECTIVELY. WHEN YOU WRITE YOU SHOULD WRITE IT AT THE TOP