What is enzyme?

Enzymes are proteins that have catalytic functions very much essential for maintenance and activity of life. All chemical reactions occurring in a living organism are dependent on the catalytic actions of enzymes, and this is why enzymes are called Biotransformation. At present, there are about 4,000 kinds of enzymes whose actions are well known.

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Enzymes are large biological molecules responsible for the thousands of chemical interconversions that sustain life.They are highly selective catalysts, greatly accelerating both the rate and specificity of metabolic reactions, from the digestion of food to the synthesis of DNA. Most enzymes are proteins, although some catalytic RNA molecules have been identified. Enzymes adopt a specific three-dimensional structure, and may employ organic (e.g. biotin) and inorganic (e.g. magnesium ion) cofactors to assist in catalysis.

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