what is gram panchchayat?
Gram Panchayat is local self-governments at the village or small town level in India, and the Sarpanch is in charge of it. Under British Colonial rule role of Panchayats were strengthened. Whereas under the post-independence they were given little right of co-determination. After attempts to deal with matters on the national level panchayats where reintroduced as institutions of local self-governance in 1992. As of 2002 there were about 265,000gram panchayats in India. The gram panchayat is the foundation of the Panchayat System.
The following is the answer to your question.
Local self government at village level consists of a three tiered structure. This includes the Gram panchayat, the Panchayat Samiti and the Zilla Parishad. The urban areas have their own municipal corporations.
The Gram Panchayat looks after administration and development at village level. It is an elected body with a sarpanch as its head. The members are elected by the Gram Sabha which comprises all adult members of the village.
The Panchayat Samiti is the body at block or taluka level. It is the link between the gram panchayat and district administration.
The Zilla Parishad is the local government body for rural administration at the district level. It is the uppermost layer of the Panchayati Raj system.
The functions of Panchayat bodies are as follows:
Implementing agricultural development
Supplying drinking water
Construction and maintenance of roads
Development of cottage industries and cooperative societies
Running schools in villages
Starting Primary Health Centers
Hope this resolves your query.