what is meant by biofortification . give me its importance ?
bifortification is breeding crops with higher levels of viatmins & minerals, or higher protein & healthier fats eg : in 2000 maize hybrids that had twice d amount of amino acids lysine & tryptophan as compared to the present maize hybrids were developed...al this comes under bio fortification
Biofortification is a method of breeding crops to increase their nutritional value. This can be done either through conventional selective breeding, or through genetic engineering. Biofortification differs from ordinary fortification because it focuses on making plant foods more nutritious as the plants are growing, rather than having nutrients added to the foods when they are being processed.This is an improvement on ordinary fortification when it comes to providing nutrients for the rural poor, who rarely have access to commercially fortified foods.As such, biofortification is seen as an upcoming strategy for dealing with deficiencies of micronutrients in the developing world....!!@@!!