What is Reported Speach
Let us understand the concept of reported speech clearer here:
We may report the words of a speaker in two ways- We can either quote hisactualwords which would then be called direct speech.
Ethan said, I am very busy right now.
Farhan asked, Why didn't you come?
We may also report what he said without quoting his exact words.
Ethan said that he was very busy then;
Farhan asked why I didn't go.
While changing the voice, few rules need to be taken into consideration such as:
A simple present becomes a simple past;
A present continuous becomes a past continuous;
A present perfect becomes a past perfect
She said, I don't want to go. becomes She said that she didn't want to go.
She said, I am not going. becomes She said that she wasn't going.
She said, I didn't go. becomes She said that she hadn't gone.