What is Reported Speech
When we report something that was said by someone else without quoting his exact words, it is known as reported speech. For example:
Direct speech: “I know the language,” said Ananya.
Indirect speech: Ananya said that she knew the language.
While changing, few rules need to be taken into consideration such as:
A simple present becomes a simple past;
A present continuous becomes a past continuous;
A present perfect becomes a past perfect
She said, “I don't want to go.” becomes She said that she didn't want to go.
She said, “I am not going.” becomes She said that she wasn't going.
She said, “I didn't go.” becomes She said that she hadn't gone.
If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.