What Is The Difference Between Adjective And Adverb

How To Identify Which Is Adjective And Which Is Adverb

Adjectives are those words which talk more about nouns and pronouns. They qualify nouns. They are modifiers of nouns. 

Thus, it is very important to understand the interdependence of nouns and adjectives.

For instance,

  • A BIG House 

  • A PRETTY Doll 

  • A DENSE Forest 

  • A MELODIOUS Singer 

  • A THICK Book 

  • A RED Cap 

An adverb is a word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a phrase, expressing a relation of place, time, etc. There are various kinds of adverbs such as adverbs of degree, manner, time, frequency, etc. Instances of the same are slowly, cutely, nicely, finally, etc.

 

Let us take an example to study the difference between the two:

 

The word "Hard" can be used as both an adjective and adverb. As you know, an adjective is a word that adds to, describes  or qualifies a noun whereas an adverb adds to or describes a verb.

 

Let us look at an example:

 

Hard as an adjective:

During the practice match, Michael threw a hard pass to the receiver.

(Here, "Hard" describes the noun 'pass' and answers the question "what kind?")

 

Hard as an adverb:

Michael threw the football hard.

(Here, "Hard" describes the verb threw and answers the question "how?") 

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An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers howwhen, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so focus on these.

Here are some guidelines:

  • Many adverbs end in –ly: Strictly is an adverb, and strict is an adjective. Nicely is an adverb, andnice is an adjective. Generally is an adverb, and general is an adjective. Lovely is a . . . gotcha! You were going to say adverb, right? Wrong. Lovely is an adjective.

  • Some adverbs don’t end in –ly: Soon, now, home, fast, and many other words that don’t end in -ly are adverbs, too.

  • One of the most common adverbs, not, doesn’t end in lyNot is an adverb because it reverses the meaning of the verb from positive to negative. Loosely speaking, not answers the questionhow. (How are you going to the wedding? Oh, you're not going!)

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An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.

 

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers howwhen, or where.

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