What is the difference between present participle and gerund?

How do you identify these in a given sentence?

Present participle is the verb form. For instance,

  • I love sleeping on a beach.

  • They go swimming every week.

However, a gerund uses the verb form as a noun. For instance,

  • Swimming is a good exercise.

  • Laughing helps you stay healthy.

Here, note that the words 'swimming' and 'laughing' are not verbs but name of an activity used as a noun.

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Present participle and gerund are same.We can identify these if the verb is in present tense.

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