what is the key role of hybridization

Dear student 
Hybridisation is very important as it helps in the formation of a new set of orbitals with the same energy as the combining orbitals.

Hybridisation also helps us in knowing the shape of the molecule.
If a molecule is sp2 hybridised, then it is trigonal planar in shape.
If it is sp3 hybridised, then it is tetrahedral in shape.
sp3d2 is octahedral and so on.

Kindly refer to the following link :

https://www.meritnation.com/ask-answer/question/explain-hybridization-in-brief/science/10117095

Regards

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