What is the NHRC?(in points(5) as in textbook)
Professional answers will earn thumbs upsss!!! by me!
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was constituted under Protection of Human Rights Act 1993 Act on 12
the, October, 1993. According to the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993 the National Human Rights Commission was constituted for better protection of human rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto (NHRC).Protection of Human Rights Act 1993 provides the Commission with functional autonomy as enshrined in Paris Principles. The headquarters of the Commission shall be at Delhi and the Commission may, with the previous approval of the Central Government, establish offices at other places in India.
- According to the Section 3(2) the Commission shall consist of:
(1) a Chairperson who has been a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court;
(2) one Member who is or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court;
(3) one Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court;
(4) & (5) two Members to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge
of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights.
In addition to this there will be three ex-officio member of the Commission
(Section 3 (3))
(6) The Chairperson of the National Commission for Minorities.
(7) The Chairperson of the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes, and
(8) The Chairperson of the National Commission for Women
- The Commission performs following functions
1) inquires, suo-motu or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf, on the violation of human rights
- National Human Rights Commission is an independent commission set up by law in 1993.
- Like judiciary, the commission is independent of the govt.
- The commission is appointed by the president and includes retired judges, officers and eminent citizens.
- It does not have the burden of deciding court cases, it focuses on helping victims secure their human rights.
- The NHRC cannot by itself punish the guilty. That is the responsibility of courts. The NHRC is there to make independent and credible inquiry into any case of violation of human rights.