What is the relationship between the speaker and the bird in this poem? Why does the speaker identify with the bird?(THE NAME OF THE POEM IS SYMPATHY BY PAUL LAURENCE DUBAR..KINDLY ANSWER THIS AS IT IS URGENT)
Well, Paul Laurence Dunbar's "Sympathy" is a poem that describes the terrible experience of being a bird stuck in a cage. The bird in this poem flaps its wings and sings, but not because it's happy. It flaps its wings and sings because it's, well, miserable.
But why, we might ask, is Paul Laurence Dunbar bothering to write a poem about a bird stuck in a cage? You see, this is a poem that's about more than a caged bird. It's a poem about lack of freedom. The speaker of the poem begins by telling us that he "knows how caged bird feels," and then spends the resting of the poem describing how terrible its life is. Dunbar's not talking about a real bird, though. Nope—instead the caged bird becomes a metaphor for the speaker's own lack of freedom, his own oppression.
Considering that Paul Laurence Dunbar was an African-American poet writing at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries ("Sympathy" was published in his 1899 collection Lyrics of the Hearthside), it's quite likely that this poor bird's oppression represents the oppression of all African-Americans during this period. In other words, the speaker of the poem uses the image of the locked up bird to give us a sense of what it feels like to live without freedom. And judging from the bird's experience, it's zero fun.