what steps have been taken to conserve wildlife in india..plz don't give any link .i want answer.
Measures to conserve Indian Wildlife include Project Tiger, Jungle Lodges and Nature Camps. These are the measures taken towards the conservation of Indian wildlife. It also includes less cutting of trees, it is clear that when forests are cut down wildlife is naturally threatened. Some beautiful and interesting species have already become extinct. Further, measures for conservation of Indian wildlife have been taken for curbing secret poaching and shooting that can lead to the complete extinction of rhinoceros, the famous Royal Bengal tiger, and the elephant.
Under the measures of conservation of Indian wildlife, several protected sanctuaries and parks have been constructed. Project Tiger in India, one of the most prominent measures for Indian wildlife conservation was launched in 1973 â€“ 74. Preserving India’s wildlife was integral to this nationalist project to save the Indian tiger. The first ever all-India count of any wild vertebrate, Project Tiger laid the ground for a more detailed proposal to conserve it in its natural state. The idea was to select a set of sites representative of the tiger’s varied habitats, each with a ‘core area’ of at least 300 square kilometres free from any human removal of biomass. Under this project, few sites were identified as Tiger Reserves. The main objective of this conservation project was to save tigers in the country. At first around nine reserves were brought under Project Tiger and the number increased to 27 by 2003. Project Tiger played a key role in expansion of ecological perspectives.
Measures for conservation of Indian wildlife also included the rapid expansion of sanctuary system. Habitat creation was another important measure. Like for instance, various National Parks, zoological parks, botanical gardens, sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves have been constructed that serve as protected areas for the wildlife. They help in conserving the wild life in their wild state. Breeding in captivity has also helped in the survival of many wild life species. Another most significant measure of conservation of Indian wildlife is mass awareness and education. Awareness about the endangered species and wildlife is considered essential for protecting them. People are educated and encouraged to participate in preservation processes of wildlife.
In the 1960s and 1970s, conservationists demanded a national wildlife protection programme. The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats. An all-India list of protected species was also published. The thrust of the programme was towards protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats, and restricting trade in wildlife. Subsequently, central and many state governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries about which you have already studied. The central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were gravely threatened, including the tiger, the one- horned rhinoceros, the Kashmir stag or hangul, three types of crocodiles – fresh water crocodile, saltwater crocodile and the Gharial, the Asiatic lion, and others. Most recently, the Indian elephant, black buck (chinkara), the great Indian bustard (godawan) and the snow leopard, etc. have been given full or partial legal protection against hunting and trade throughout India.
The conservation projects are now focusing on biodiversity rather than on a few of its components. There is now a more intensive search for different conservation measures. Increasingly, even insects are beginning to find a place in conservation planning. In the notification under Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986, several hundred butterflies, moths, beetles, and one dragonfly have been added to the list of protected species. In 1991, for the first time plants were also added to the list, starting with six species.
the measures to conserve wldlife in india are
1.proper wildlife santuaries were made for animals
2.hunting will be prohibited
3.make reserved forest
4.no one is allowed to that forest without permission
5.strict laws were made for them who do hunting
6.a proper well defined records should be made for knowledge that how much animals are endangered,extinct,rare,or vulnerable.